What is Inspection in Software Testing

Let’s understand, What is Inspection in Software Testing. The inspection as described in the IEEE standard is basically the same as the Fagan Inspection, as invented and described by Michael Fagan in 1976.

Compared to the technical review there is more formalism and more roles are involved.

During the inspection, the documents are prepared and checked thoroughly by the reviewers before the meeting. It is usually not just done on demand.


Inspection in Software Testing

Inspection: It is a type of peer review that relies on visual examination of documents to detect defects, e.g. violations of development standards and non-conformance to higher level documentation. The most formal review technique and therefore always based on a documented procedure. Its purpose is to the identifying defects and improvements.

But I always believe in remembering anything in my own language. And everyone should do in the same way. If you will try to remember these definitions, you may not understand properly also you may forget soon.


Further, there is an explicit reference to the software verification and validation plan where the inspections should be reflected. An inspection is therefore regarded as a proper testing activity rather than an activity to evaluate a work product for suitability. The IEEE standard says that the following roles shall be established for the inspection:

  • Inspection leader

  • Recorder

  • Reader

  • Author

  • Inspectors


According to the IEEE standard the input to the inspection shall include the following:

  • A statement of objectives for the inspection.

  • The software product to be inspected.

  • Documented inspection procedure.

  • Inspection reporting forms.

  • Current anomalies or issues list.

  • Inspection checklists.

  • Any regulations, standards, guidelines, plans, and procedures against which the software product is to be inspected.



1.) It’s totally a Formal Review.
2.) 2 to 10 or more People attaining it.
3.) An author is not presenter. Some one else is giving the presentation.
4.) Lead by Moderator.
5.) Reviewers are aware & well prepared for the subject/topic.
6.) Other people are Inspectors or Reviewers.
7.) Minute Taker is writing MOM.
8.) A recorder is noting down everything. Like defects, changes, improvements etc.
9.) Moderator’s responsibility is to make sure that meeting is successful.


0 Comment

Leave a Reply